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dbghelp.c

/*
 * File dbghelp.c - generic routines (process) for dbghelp DLL
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2004, Eric Pouech
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA
 */

#include "config.h"

#include "dbghelp_private.h"
#include "winerror.h"
#include "psapi.h"
#include "wine/debug.h"
#include "wdbgexts.h"
#include "winnls.h"

WINE_DEFAULT_DEBUG_CHANNEL(dbghelp);

/* TODO
 *  - support for symbols' types is still partly missing
 *      + C++ support
 *      + we should store the underlying type for an enum in the symt_enum struct
 *      + for enums, we store the names & values (associated to the enum type), 
 *        but those values are not directly usable from a debugger (that's why, I
 *        assume, that we have also to define constants for enum values, as 
 *        Codeview does BTW.
 *      + SymEnumTypes should only return *user* defined types (UDT, typedefs...) not
 *        all the types stored/used in the modules (like char*)
 *  - SymGetLine{Next|Prev} don't work as expected (they don't seem to work across
 *    functions, and even across function blocks...). Basically, for *Next* to work
 *    it requires an address after the prolog of the func (the base address of the 
 *    func doesn't work)
 *  - most options (dbghelp_options) are not used (loading lines...)
 *  - in symbol lookup by name, we don't use RE everywhere we should. Moreover, when
 *    we're supposed to use RE, it doesn't make use of our hash tables. Therefore,
 *    we could use hash if name isn't a RE, and fall back to a full search when we
 *    get a full RE
 *  - msc:
 *      + we should add parameters' types to the function's signature
 *        while processing a function's parameters
 *      + add support for function-less labels (as MSC seems to define them)
 *      + C++ management
 *  - stabs: 
 *      + when, in a same module, the same definition is used in several compilation
 *        units, we get several definitions of the same object (especially 
 *        struct/union). we should find a way not to duplicate them
 *      + in some cases (dlls/user/dialog16.c DIALOG_GetControl16), the same static
 *        global variable is defined several times (at different scopes). We are
 *        getting several of those while looking for a unique symbol. Part of the 
 *        issue is that we don't give a scope to a static variable inside a function
 *      + C++ management
 */

unsigned   dbghelp_options = SYMOPT_UNDNAME;
HANDLE     hMsvcrt = NULL;

/***********************************************************************
 *           DllMain (DEBUGHLP.@)
 */
BOOL WINAPI DllMain(HINSTANCE hinstDLL, DWORD fdwReason, LPVOID lpvReserved)
{
    switch (fdwReason)
    {
    case DLL_PROCESS_ATTACH:    break;
    case DLL_PROCESS_DETACH:
        if (hMsvcrt) FreeLibrary(hMsvcrt);
        break;
    case DLL_THREAD_ATTACH:     break;
    case DLL_THREAD_DETACH:     break;
    default:                    break;
    }
    return TRUE;
}

static struct process* process_first /* = NULL */;

/******************************************************************
 *          process_find_by_handle
 *
 */
struct process*    process_find_by_handle(HANDLE hProcess)
{
    struct process* p;

    for (p = process_first; p && p->handle != hProcess; p = p->next);
    if (!p) SetLastError(ERROR_INVALID_HANDLE);
    return p;
}

/******************************************************************
 *             validate_addr64 (internal)
 *
 */
BOOL validate_addr64(DWORD64 addr)
{
    if (addr >> 32)
    {
        FIXME("Unsupported address %s\n", wine_dbgstr_longlong(addr));
        SetLastError(ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER);
        return FALSE;
    }
    return TRUE;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          fetch_buffer
 *
 * Ensures process' internal buffer is large enough.
 */
void* fetch_buffer(struct process* pcs, unsigned size)
{
    if (size > pcs->buffer_size)
    {
        if (pcs->buffer)
            pcs->buffer = HeapReAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, pcs->buffer, size);
        else
            pcs->buffer = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, size);
        pcs->buffer_size = (pcs->buffer) ? size : 0;
    }
    return pcs->buffer;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          SymSetSearchPathW (DBGHELP.@)
 *
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymSetSearchPathW(HANDLE hProcess, PCWSTR searchPath)
{
    struct process* pcs = process_find_by_handle(hProcess);

    if (!pcs) return FALSE;
    if (!searchPath) return FALSE;

    HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, pcs->search_path);
    pcs->search_path = lstrcpyW(HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, 
                                          (lstrlenW(searchPath) + 1) * sizeof(WCHAR)),
                                searchPath);
    return TRUE;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          SymSetSearchPath (DBGHELP.@)
 *
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymSetSearchPath(HANDLE hProcess, PCSTR searchPath)
{
    BOOL        ret = FALSE;
    unsigned    len;
    WCHAR*      sp;

    len = MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, 0, searchPath, -1, NULL, 0);
    if ((sp = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, len * sizeof(WCHAR))))
    {
        MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, 0, searchPath, -1, sp, len);

        ret = SymSetSearchPathW(hProcess, sp);
        HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, sp);
    }
    return ret;
}

/***********************************************************************
 *          SymGetSearchPathW (DBGHELP.@)
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymGetSearchPathW(HANDLE hProcess, PWSTR szSearchPath,
                              DWORD SearchPathLength)
{
    struct process* pcs = process_find_by_handle(hProcess);
    if (!pcs) return FALSE;

    lstrcpynW(szSearchPath, pcs->search_path, SearchPathLength);
    return TRUE;
}

/***********************************************************************
 *          SymGetSearchPath (DBGHELP.@)
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymGetSearchPath(HANDLE hProcess, PSTR szSearchPath,
                             DWORD SearchPathLength)
{
    WCHAR*      buffer = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, SearchPathLength * sizeof(WCHAR));
    BOOL        ret = FALSE;

    if (buffer)
    {
        ret = SymGetSearchPathW(hProcess, buffer, SearchPathLength);
        if (ret)
            WideCharToMultiByte(CP_ACP, 0, buffer, SearchPathLength,
                                szSearchPath, SearchPathLength, NULL, NULL);
        HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, buffer);
    }
    return ret;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          invade_process
 *
 * SymInitialize helper: loads in dbghelp all known (and loaded modules)
 * this assumes that hProcess is a handle on a valid process
 */
static BOOL WINAPI process_invade_cb(PCSTR name, ULONG base, ULONG size, PVOID user)
{
    char        tmp[MAX_PATH];
    HANDLE      hProcess = (HANDLE)user;

    if (!GetModuleFileNameExA(hProcess, (HMODULE)base, 
                              tmp, sizeof(tmp)))
        lstrcpynA(tmp, name, sizeof(tmp));

    SymLoadModule(hProcess, 0, tmp, name, base, size);
    return TRUE;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          check_live_target
 *
 */
static BOOL check_live_target(struct process* pcs)
{
    if (!GetProcessId(pcs->handle)) return FALSE;
    if (GetEnvironmentVariableA("DBGHELP_NOLIVE", NULL, 0)) return FALSE;
    elf_read_wine_loader_dbg_info(pcs);
    return TRUE;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          SymInitializeW (DBGHELP.@)
 *
 * The initialisation of a dbghelp's context.
 * Note that hProcess doesn't need to be a valid process handle (except
 * when fInvadeProcess is TRUE).
 * Since, we're also allow to load ELF (pure) libraries and Wine ELF libraries 
 * containing PE (and NE) module(s), here's how we handle it:
 * - we load every module (ELF, NE, PE) passed in SymLoadModule
 * - in fInvadeProcess (in SymInitialize) is TRUE, we set up what is called ELF
 *   synchronization: hProcess should be a valid process handle, and we hook
 *   ourselves on hProcess's loaded ELF-modules, and keep this list in sync with
 *   our internal ELF modules representation (loading / unloading). This way,
 *   we'll pair every loaded builtin PE module with its ELF counterpart (and
 *   access its debug information).
 * - if fInvadeProcess (in SymInitialize) is FALSE, we check anyway if the 
 *   hProcess refers to a running process. We use some heuristics here, so YMMV.
 *   If we detect a live target, then we get the same handling as if
 *   fInvadeProcess is TRUE (except that the modules are not loaded). Otherwise,
 *   we won't be able to make the peering between a builtin PE module and its ELF
 *   counterpart. Hence we won't be able to provide the requested debug
 *   information. We'll however be able to load native PE modules (and their
 *   debug information) without any trouble.
 * Note also that this scheme can be intertwined with the deferred loading 
 * mechanism (ie only load the debug information when we actually need it).
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymInitializeW(HANDLE hProcess, PCWSTR UserSearchPath, BOOL fInvadeProcess)
{
    struct process*     pcs;

    TRACE("(%p %s %u)\n", hProcess, debugstr_w(UserSearchPath), fInvadeProcess);

    if (process_find_by_handle(hProcess))
        FIXME("what to do ??\n");

    pcs = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY, sizeof(*pcs));
    if (!pcs) return FALSE;

    pcs->handle = hProcess;

    if (UserSearchPath)
    {
        pcs->search_path = lstrcpyW(HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0,      
                                              (lstrlenW(UserSearchPath) + 1) * sizeof(WCHAR)),
                                    UserSearchPath);
    }
    else
    {
        unsigned        size;
        unsigned        len;
        static const WCHAR      sym_path[] = {'_','N','T','_','S','Y','M','B','O','L','_','P','A','T','H',0};
        static const WCHAR      alt_sym_path[] = {'_','N','T','_','A','L','T','E','R','N','A','T','E','_','S','Y','M','B','O','L','_','P','A','T','H',0};

        pcs->search_path = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, (len = MAX_PATH) * sizeof(WCHAR));
        while ((size = GetCurrentDirectoryW(len, pcs->search_path)) >= len)
            pcs->search_path = HeapReAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, pcs->search_path, (len *= 2) * sizeof(WCHAR));
        pcs->search_path = HeapReAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, pcs->search_path, (size + 1) * sizeof(WCHAR));

        len = GetEnvironmentVariableW(sym_path, NULL, 0);
        if (len)
        {
            pcs->search_path = HeapReAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, pcs->search_path, (size + 1 + len + 1) * sizeof(WCHAR));
            pcs->search_path[size] = ';';
            GetEnvironmentVariableW(sym_path, pcs->search_path + size + 1, len);
            size += 1 + len;
        }
        len = GetEnvironmentVariableW(alt_sym_path, NULL, 0);
        if (len)
        {
            pcs->search_path = HeapReAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, pcs->search_path, (size + 1 + len + 1) * sizeof(WCHAR));
            pcs->search_path[size] = ';';
            GetEnvironmentVariableW(alt_sym_path, pcs->search_path + size + 1, len);
            size += 1 + len;
        }
    }

    pcs->lmodules = NULL;
    pcs->dbg_hdr_addr = 0;
    pcs->next = process_first;
    process_first = pcs;
    
    if (check_live_target(pcs))
    {
        if (fInvadeProcess)
            EnumerateLoadedModules(hProcess, process_invade_cb, (void*)hProcess);
        elf_synchronize_module_list(pcs);
    }
    else if (fInvadeProcess)
    {
        SymCleanup(hProcess);
        SetLastError(ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER);
        return FALSE;
    }

    return TRUE;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          SymInitialize (DBGHELP.@)
 *
 *
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymInitialize(HANDLE hProcess, PCSTR UserSearchPath, BOOL fInvadeProcess)
{
    WCHAR*              sp = NULL;
    BOOL                ret;

    if (UserSearchPath)
    {
        unsigned len;

        len = MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, 0, UserSearchPath, -1, NULL, 0);
        sp = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, len * sizeof(WCHAR));
        MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, 0, UserSearchPath, -1, sp, len);
    }

    ret = SymInitializeW(hProcess, sp, fInvadeProcess);
    HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, sp);
    return ret;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          SymCleanup (DBGHELP.@)
 *
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymCleanup(HANDLE hProcess)
{
    struct process**    ppcs;
    struct process*     next;

    for (ppcs = &process_first; *ppcs; ppcs = &(*ppcs)->next)
    {
        if ((*ppcs)->handle == hProcess)
        {
            while ((*ppcs)->lmodules) module_remove(*ppcs, (*ppcs)->lmodules);

            HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, (*ppcs)->search_path);
            next = (*ppcs)->next;
            HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, *ppcs);
            *ppcs = next;
            return TRUE;
        }
    }
    return FALSE;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          SymSetOptions (DBGHELP.@)
 *
 */
DWORD WINAPI SymSetOptions(DWORD opts)
{
    struct process* pcs;

    for (pcs = process_first; pcs; pcs = pcs->next)
    {
        pcs_callback(pcs, CBA_SET_OPTIONS, &opts);
    }
    return dbghelp_options = opts;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          SymGetOptions (DBGHELP.@)
 *
 */
DWORD WINAPI SymGetOptions(void)
{
    return dbghelp_options;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          SymSetParentWindow (DBGHELP.@)
 *
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymSetParentWindow(HWND hwnd)
{
    /* Save hwnd so it can be used as parent window */
    FIXME("(%p): stub\n", hwnd);
    return TRUE;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          SymSetContext (DBGHELP.@)
 *
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymSetContext(HANDLE hProcess, PIMAGEHLP_STACK_FRAME StackFrame,
                          PIMAGEHLP_CONTEXT Context)
{
    struct process* pcs = process_find_by_handle(hProcess);
    if (!pcs) return FALSE;

    if (pcs->ctx_frame.ReturnOffset == StackFrame->ReturnOffset &&
        pcs->ctx_frame.FrameOffset  == StackFrame->FrameOffset  &&
        pcs->ctx_frame.StackOffset  == StackFrame->StackOffset)
    {
        TRACE("Setting same frame {rtn=%s frm=%s stk=%s}\n",
              wine_dbgstr_longlong(pcs->ctx_frame.ReturnOffset),
              wine_dbgstr_longlong(pcs->ctx_frame.FrameOffset),
              wine_dbgstr_longlong(pcs->ctx_frame.StackOffset));
        pcs->ctx_frame.InstructionOffset = StackFrame->InstructionOffset;
        SetLastError(ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED); /* latest MSDN says ERROR_SUCCESS */
        return FALSE;
    }

    pcs->ctx_frame = *StackFrame;
    /* MSDN states that Context is not (no longer?) used */
    return TRUE;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          reg_cb64to32 (internal)
 *
 * Registered callback for converting information from 64 bit to 32 bit
 */
static BOOL CALLBACK reg_cb64to32(HANDLE hProcess, ULONG action, ULONG64 data, ULONG64 user)
{
    PSYMBOL_REGISTERED_CALLBACK         cb32 = (PSYMBOL_REGISTERED_CALLBACK)(DWORD)(user >> 32);
    DWORD                               user32 = (DWORD)user;
    void*                               data32;
    IMAGEHLP_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD64*    idsl64;
    IMAGEHLP_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD       idsl;

    switch (action)
    {
    case CBA_DEBUG_INFO:
    case CBA_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD_CANCEL:
    case CBA_SET_OPTIONS:
    case CBA_SYMBOLS_UNLOADED:
        data32 = (void*)(DWORD)data;
        break;
    case CBA_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD_COMPLETE:
    case CBA_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD_FAILURE:
    case CBA_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD_PARTIAL:
    case CBA_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD_START:
        idsl64 = (IMAGEHLP_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD64*)(DWORD)data;
        if (!validate_addr64(idsl64->BaseOfImage))
            return FALSE;
        idsl.SizeOfStruct = sizeof(idsl);
        idsl.BaseOfImage = (DWORD)idsl64->BaseOfImage;
        idsl.CheckSum = idsl64->CheckSum;
        idsl.TimeDateStamp = idsl64->TimeDateStamp;
        memcpy(idsl.FileName, idsl64->FileName, sizeof(idsl.FileName));
        idsl.Reparse = idsl64->Reparse;
        data32 = &idsl;
        break;
    case CBA_DUPLICATE_SYMBOL:
    case CBA_EVENT:
    case CBA_READ_MEMORY:
    default:
        FIXME("No mapping for action %u\n", action);
        return FALSE;
    }
    return cb32(hProcess, action, (PVOID)data32, (PVOID)user32);
}

/******************************************************************
 *          pcs_callback (internal)
 */
BOOL pcs_callback(const struct process* pcs, ULONG action, void* data)
{
    TRACE("%p %u %p\n", pcs, action, data);

    if (!pcs->reg_cb) return FALSE;
    if (!pcs->reg_is_unicode)
    {
        IMAGEHLP_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD64     idsl;
        IMAGEHLP_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOADW64*   idslW;

        switch (action)
        {
        case CBA_DEBUG_INFO:
        case CBA_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD_CANCEL:
        case CBA_SET_OPTIONS:
        case CBA_SYMBOLS_UNLOADED:
            break;
        case CBA_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD_COMPLETE:
        case CBA_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD_FAILURE:
        case CBA_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD_PARTIAL:
        case CBA_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOAD_START:
            idslW = (IMAGEHLP_DEFERRED_SYMBOL_LOADW64*)(DWORD)data;
            idsl.SizeOfStruct = sizeof(idsl);
            idsl.BaseOfImage = idslW->BaseOfImage;
            idsl.CheckSum = idslW->CheckSum;
            idsl.TimeDateStamp = idslW->TimeDateStamp;
            WideCharToMultiByte(CP_ACP, 0, idslW->FileName, -1,
                                idsl.FileName, sizeof(idsl.FileName), NULL, NULL);
            idsl.Reparse = idslW->Reparse;
            data = &idsl;
            break;
        case CBA_DUPLICATE_SYMBOL:
        case CBA_EVENT:
        case CBA_READ_MEMORY:
        default:
            FIXME("No mapping for action %u\n", action);
            return FALSE;
        }
    }
    return pcs->reg_cb(pcs->handle, action, (ULONG64)(DWORD_PTR)data, pcs->reg_user);
}

/******************************************************************
 *          sym_register_cb
 *
 * Helper for registering a callback.
 */
static BOOL sym_register_cb(HANDLE hProcess, 
                            PSYMBOL_REGISTERED_CALLBACK64 cb,
                            DWORD64 user, BOOL unicode)
{
    struct process* pcs = process_find_by_handle(hProcess);

    if (!pcs) return FALSE;
    pcs->reg_cb = cb;
    pcs->reg_is_unicode = unicode;
    pcs->reg_user = user;

    return TRUE;
}

/***********************************************************************
 *          SymRegisterCallback (DBGHELP.@)
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymRegisterCallback(HANDLE hProcess, 
                                PSYMBOL_REGISTERED_CALLBACK CallbackFunction,
                                PVOID UserContext)
{
    DWORD64 tmp = ((ULONGLONG)(DWORD)CallbackFunction << 32) | (DWORD)UserContext;
    TRACE("(%p, %p, %p)\n", 
          hProcess, CallbackFunction, UserContext);
    return sym_register_cb(hProcess, reg_cb64to32, tmp, FALSE);
}

/***********************************************************************
 *          SymRegisterCallback64 (DBGHELP.@)
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymRegisterCallback64(HANDLE hProcess, 
                                  PSYMBOL_REGISTERED_CALLBACK64 CallbackFunction,
                                  ULONG64 UserContext)
{
    TRACE("(%p, %p, %s)\n", 
          hProcess, CallbackFunction, wine_dbgstr_longlong(UserContext));
    return sym_register_cb(hProcess, CallbackFunction, UserContext, FALSE);
}

/***********************************************************************
 *          SymRegisterCallbackW64 (DBGHELP.@)
 */
BOOL WINAPI SymRegisterCallbackW64(HANDLE hProcess, 
                                   PSYMBOL_REGISTERED_CALLBACK64 CallbackFunction,
                                   ULONG64 UserContext)
{
    TRACE("(%p, %p, %s)\n", 
          hProcess, CallbackFunction, wine_dbgstr_longlong(UserContext));
    return sym_register_cb(hProcess, CallbackFunction, UserContext, TRUE);
}

/* This is imagehlp version not dbghelp !! */
static API_VERSION api_version = { 4, 0, 2, 0 };

/***********************************************************************
 *           ImagehlpApiVersion (DBGHELP.@)
 */
LPAPI_VERSION WINAPI ImagehlpApiVersion(VOID)
{
    return &api_version;
}

/***********************************************************************
 *           ImagehlpApiVersionEx (DBGHELP.@)
 */
LPAPI_VERSION WINAPI ImagehlpApiVersionEx(LPAPI_VERSION AppVersion)
{
    if (!AppVersion) return NULL;

    AppVersion->MajorVersion = api_version.MajorVersion;
    AppVersion->MinorVersion = api_version.MinorVersion;
    AppVersion->Revision = api_version.Revision;
    AppVersion->Reserved = api_version.Reserved;

    return AppVersion;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          ExtensionApiVersion (DBGHELP.@)
 */
LPEXT_API_VERSION WINAPI ExtensionApiVersion(void)
{
    static EXT_API_VERSION      eav = {5, 5, 5, 0};
    return &eav;
}

/******************************************************************
 *          WinDbgExtensionDllInit (DBGHELP.@)
 */
void WINAPI WinDbgExtensionDllInit(PWINDBG_EXTENSION_APIS lpExtensionApis,
                                   unsigned short major, unsigned short minor)
{
}

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