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format_msg.c

/*
 * FormatMessage implementation
 *
 * Copyright 1996 Marcus Meissner
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA
 */

#include "config.h"

#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "ntstatus.h"
#define WIN32_NO_STATUS
#include "windef.h"
#include "winbase.h"
#include "winerror.h"
#include "winternl.h"
#include "winuser.h"
#include "winnls.h"
#include "wine/unicode.h"
#include "kernel_private.h"
#include "wine/debug.h"

WINE_DEFAULT_DEBUG_CHANNEL(resource);


/* Messages...used by FormatMessage (KERNEL32.something)
 *
 * They can be specified either directly or using a message ID and
 * loading them from the resource.
 *
 * The resourcedata has following format:
 * start:
 * 0: DWORD nrofentries
 * nrofentries * subentry:
 *    0: DWORD firstentry
 *    4: DWORD lastentry
 *      8: DWORD offset from start to the stringentries
 *
 * (lastentry-firstentry) * stringentry:
 * 0: WORD len (0 marks end)  [ includes the 4 byte header length ]
 * 2: WORD flags
 * 4: CHAR[len-4]
 *    (stringentry i of a subentry refers to the ID 'firstentry+i')
 *
 * Yes, ANSI strings in win32 resources. Go figure.
 */

static const WCHAR PCNTFMTWSTR[] = { '%','%','%','s',0 };
static const WCHAR FMTWSTR[] = { '%','s',0 };

/**********************************************************************
 *    load_messageW           (internal)
 */
static LPWSTR load_messageW( HMODULE module, UINT id, WORD lang )
{
    const MESSAGE_RESOURCE_ENTRY *mre;
    WCHAR *buffer;

    TRACE("module = %p, id = %08x\n", module, id );

    if (!module) module = GetModuleHandleW( NULL );
    if (RtlFindMessage( module, RT_MESSAGETABLE, lang, id, &mre ) != STATUS_SUCCESS) return NULL;

    if (mre->Flags & MESSAGE_RESOURCE_UNICODE)
    {
        int len = (strlenW( (const WCHAR *)mre->Text ) + 1) * sizeof(WCHAR);
        if (!(buffer = HeapAlloc( GetProcessHeap(), 0, len ))) return NULL;
        memcpy( buffer, mre->Text, len );
    }
    else
    {
        int len = MultiByteToWideChar( CP_ACP, 0, (const char *)mre->Text, -1, NULL, 0 );
        if (!(buffer = HeapAlloc( GetProcessHeap(), 0, len * sizeof(WCHAR) ))) return NULL;
        MultiByteToWideChar( CP_ACP, 0, (const char*)mre->Text, -1, buffer, len );
    }
    TRACE("returning %s\n", wine_dbgstr_w(buffer));
    return buffer;
}


/**********************************************************************
 *    load_messageA           (internal)
 */
static LPSTR load_messageA( HMODULE module, UINT id, WORD lang )
{
    const MESSAGE_RESOURCE_ENTRY *mre;
    char *buffer;

    TRACE("module = %p, id = %08x\n", module, id );

    if (!module) module = GetModuleHandleW( NULL );
    if (RtlFindMessage( module, RT_MESSAGETABLE, lang, id, &mre ) != STATUS_SUCCESS) return NULL;

    if (mre->Flags & MESSAGE_RESOURCE_UNICODE)
    {
        int len = WideCharToMultiByte( CP_ACP, 0, (const WCHAR *)mre->Text, -1, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL );
        if (!(buffer = HeapAlloc( GetProcessHeap(), 0, len ))) return NULL;
        WideCharToMultiByte( CP_ACP, 0, (const WCHAR *)mre->Text, -1, buffer, len, NULL, NULL );
    }
    else
    {
        int len = strlen((const char*)mre->Text) + 1;
        if (!(buffer = HeapAlloc( GetProcessHeap(), 0, len ))) return NULL;
        memcpy( buffer, mre->Text, len );
    }
    TRACE("returning %s\n", wine_dbgstr_a(buffer));
    return buffer;
}


/***********************************************************************
 *           FormatMessageA   (KERNEL32.@)
 * FIXME: missing wrap,
 */
DWORD WINAPI FormatMessageA(
      DWORD dwFlags,
      LPCVOID     lpSource,
      DWORD dwMessageId,
      DWORD dwLanguageId,
      LPSTR lpBuffer,
      DWORD nSize,
      va_list* _args )
{
    LPDWORD args=(LPDWORD)_args;
    DWORD ret = 0;
#if defined(__i386__) || defined(__sparc__)
/* This implementation is completely dependent on the format of the va_list on x86 CPUs */
    LPSTR   target,t;
    DWORD   talloced;
    LPSTR   from,f;
    DWORD   width = dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_MAX_WIDTH_MASK;
    BOOL    eos = FALSE;
    CHAR    ch;

    TRACE("(0x%x,%p,%d,0x%x,%p,%d,%p)\n",
          dwFlags,lpSource,dwMessageId,dwLanguageId,lpBuffer,nSize,args);
    if ((dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_STRING)
        &&((dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM)
           || (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_HMODULE))) return 0;

    if (width && width != FORMAT_MESSAGE_MAX_WIDTH_MASK)
        FIXME("line wrapping (%u) not supported.\n", width);
    from = NULL;
    if (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_STRING)
    {
        from = HeapAlloc( GetProcessHeap(), 0, strlen((LPCSTR)lpSource)+1 );
        strcpy( from, (LPCSTR)lpSource );
    }
    else {
        from = NULL;
        if (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_HMODULE)
            from = load_messageA( (HMODULE)lpSource, dwMessageId, dwLanguageId );
        if (!from && (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM))
            from = load_messageA( kernel32_handle, dwMessageId, dwLanguageId );

        if (!from)
        {
            SetLastError (ERROR_RESOURCE_LANG_NOT_FOUND);
            return 0;
        }
    }
    target  = HeapAlloc( GetProcessHeap(), HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY, 100);
    t = target;
    talloced= 100;

#define ADD_TO_T(c) do { \
        *t++=c;\
        if ((DWORD)(t-target) == talloced) {\
            target = HeapReAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY,target,talloced*2);\
            t = target+talloced;\
            talloced*=2;\
      }\
} while (0)

    if (from) {
        f=from;
        if (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS) {
            while (*f && !eos)
                ADD_TO_T(*f++);
        }
        else {
            while (*f && !eos) {
                if (*f=='%') {
                    int insertnr;
                    char *fmtstr,*x,*lastf;
                    DWORD *argliststart;

                    fmtstr = NULL;
                    lastf = f;
                    f++;
                    if (!*f) {
                        ADD_TO_T('%');
                        continue;
                    }
                    switch (*f) {
                    case '1':case '2':case '3':case '4':case '5':
                    case '6':case '7':case '8':case '9':
                        insertnr=*f-'0';
                        switch (f[1]) {
                        case '0':case '1':case '2':case '3':
                        case '4':case '5':case '6':case '7':
                        case '8':case '9':
                            f++;
                            insertnr=insertnr*10+*f-'0';
                            f++;
                            break;
                        default:
                            f++;
                            break;
                        }
                        if (*f=='!') {
                            f++;
                            if (NULL!=(x=strchr(f,'!'))) {
                                *x='\0';
                                fmtstr=HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),0,strlen(f)+2);
                                sprintf(fmtstr,"%%%s",f);
                                f=x+1;
                            } else {
                                fmtstr=HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),0,strlen(f)+2);
                                sprintf(fmtstr,"%%%s",f);
                                f+=strlen(f); /*at \0*/
                            }
                        } else {
                            if(!args) break;
                            fmtstr = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),0,3);
                            strcpy( fmtstr, "%s" );
                        }
                        if (args) {
                            int sz;
                            LPSTR b;

                            if (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_ARGUMENT_ARRAY)
                                argliststart=args+insertnr-1;
                            else
                                argliststart=(*(DWORD**)args)+insertnr-1;

                                /* FIXME: precision and width components are not handled correctly */
                            if ( (strcmp(fmtstr, "%ls") == 0) || (strcmp(fmtstr,"%S") == 0) ) {
                                sz = WideCharToMultiByte( CP_ACP, 0, *(WCHAR**)argliststart, -1, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL);
                                b = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, sz);
                                WideCharToMultiByte( CP_ACP, 0, *(WCHAR**)argliststart, -1, b, sz, NULL, NULL);
                            } else {
                                b = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY, sz = 1000);
                                /* CMF - This makes a BIG assumption about va_list */
                                TRACE("A BIG assumption\n");
                                vsnprintf(b, sz, fmtstr, (va_list) argliststart);
                            }
                            for (x=b; *x; x++) ADD_TO_T(*x);

                            HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(),0,b);
                        } else {
                                /* NULL args - copy formatstr
                                 * (probably wrong)
                                 */
                            while ((lastf<f)&&(*lastf)) {
                                ADD_TO_T(*lastf++);
                            }
                        }
                        HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(),0,fmtstr);
                        break;
                    case 'n':
                        ADD_TO_T('\r');
                        ADD_TO_T('\n');
                        f++;
                        break;
                    case '0':
                        eos = TRUE;
                        f++;
                        break;
                    default:
                        ADD_TO_T(*f++);
                        break;
                    }
                } else {
                    ch = *f;
                    f++;
                    if (ch == '\r') {
                        if (*f == '\n')
                            f++;
                        if(width)
                            ADD_TO_T(' ');
                        else
                        {
                            ADD_TO_T('\r');
                            ADD_TO_T('\n');
                        }
                    } else {
                        if (ch == '\n')
                        {
                            if(width)
                                ADD_TO_T(' ');
                            else
                            {
                                ADD_TO_T('\r');
                                ADD_TO_T('\n');
                            }
                        }
                        else
                            ADD_TO_T(ch);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        *t='\0';
    }
    talloced = strlen(target)+1;
    if (nSize && talloced<nSize) {
        target = HeapReAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY,target,nSize);
    }
    TRACE("-- %s\n",debugstr_a(target));
    if (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER) {
        *((LPVOID*)lpBuffer) = (LPVOID)LocalAlloc(LMEM_ZEROINIT,max(nSize, talloced));
        memcpy(*(LPSTR*)lpBuffer,target,talloced);
    } else {
        lstrcpynA(lpBuffer,target,nSize);
    }
    HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(),0,target);
    HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(),0,from);
    ret = (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER) ? strlen(*(LPSTR*)lpBuffer) : strlen(lpBuffer);
#endif /* __i386__ */
    TRACE("-- returning %d\n", ret);
    return ret;
}
#undef ADD_TO_T


/***********************************************************************
 *           FormatMessageW   (KERNEL32.@)
 */
DWORD WINAPI FormatMessageW(
      DWORD dwFlags,
      LPCVOID     lpSource,
      DWORD dwMessageId,
      DWORD dwLanguageId,
      LPWSTR      lpBuffer,
      DWORD nSize,
      va_list* _args )
{
    LPDWORD args=(LPDWORD)_args;
#if defined(__i386__) || defined(__sparc__)
/* This implementation is completely dependent on the format of the va_list on x86 CPUs */
    LPWSTR target,t;
    DWORD talloced;
    LPWSTR from,f;
    DWORD width = dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_MAX_WIDTH_MASK;
    BOOL eos = FALSE;
    WCHAR ch;

    TRACE("(0x%x,%p,%d,0x%x,%p,%d,%p)\n",
          dwFlags,lpSource,dwMessageId,dwLanguageId,lpBuffer,nSize,args);
    if ((dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_STRING)
        &&((dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM)
           || (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_HMODULE))) return 0;

    if (width && width != FORMAT_MESSAGE_MAX_WIDTH_MASK)
        FIXME("line wrapping not supported.\n");
    from = NULL;
    if (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_STRING) {
        from = HeapAlloc( GetProcessHeap(), 0, (strlenW((LPCWSTR)lpSource) + 1) *
            sizeof(WCHAR) );
        strcpyW( from, (LPCWSTR)lpSource );
    }
    else {
        from = NULL;
        if (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_HMODULE)
            from = load_messageW( (HMODULE)lpSource, dwMessageId, dwLanguageId );
        if (!from && (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM))
            from = load_messageW( kernel32_handle, dwMessageId, dwLanguageId );

        if (!from)
        {
            SetLastError (ERROR_RESOURCE_LANG_NOT_FOUND);
            return 0;
        }
    }
    target = HeapAlloc( GetProcessHeap(), HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY, 100 * sizeof(WCHAR) );
    t = target;
    talloced= 100;

#define ADD_TO_T(c)  do {\
    *t++=c;\
    if ((DWORD)(t-target) == talloced) {\
        target = HeapReAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY,target,talloced*2*sizeof(WCHAR));\
        t = target+talloced;\
        talloced*=2;\
    } \
} while (0)

    if (from) {
        f=from;
        if (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS) {
            while (*f && !eos)
                ADD_TO_T(*f++);
        }
        else {
            while (*f && !eos) {
                if (*f=='%') {
                    int insertnr;
                    WCHAR *fmtstr,*sprintfbuf,*x;
                    DWORD *argliststart;

                    fmtstr = NULL;
                    f++;
                    if (!*f) {
                        ADD_TO_T('%');
                        continue;
                    }

                    switch (*f) {
                    case '1':case '2':case '3':case '4':case '5':
                    case '6':case '7':case '8':case '9':
                        insertnr=*f-'0';
                        switch (f[1]) {
                        case '0':case '1':case '2':case '3':
                        case '4':case '5':case '6':case '7':
                        case '8':case '9':
                            f++;
                            insertnr=insertnr*10+*f-'0';
                            f++;
                            break;
                        default:
                            f++;
                            break;
                        }
                        if (*f=='!') {
                            f++;
                            if (NULL!=(x=strchrW(f,'!'))) {
                                *x='\0';
                                fmtstr=HeapAlloc( GetProcessHeap(), 0,(strlenW(f)+2)*sizeof(WCHAR));
                                sprintfW(fmtstr,PCNTFMTWSTR,f);
                                f=x+1;
                            } else {
                                fmtstr=HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),0,(strlenW(f)+2)*sizeof(WCHAR));
                                sprintfW(fmtstr,PCNTFMTWSTR,f);
                                f+=strlenW(f); /*at \0*/
                            }
                        } else {
                            if(!args) break;
                            fmtstr = HeapAlloc( GetProcessHeap(),0,3*sizeof(WCHAR));
                            strcpyW( fmtstr, FMTWSTR );
                        }
                        if (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_ARGUMENT_ARRAY)
                            argliststart=args+insertnr-1;
                        else
                            argliststart=(*(DWORD**)args)+insertnr-1;

                        if (fmtstr[strlenW(fmtstr)-1]=='s' && argliststart[0]) {
                            DWORD xarr[3];

                            xarr[0]=*(argliststart+0);
                            /* possible invalid pointers */
                            xarr[1]=*(argliststart+1);
                            xarr[2]=*(argliststart+2);
                            sprintfbuf=HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),0,(strlenW((LPWSTR)argliststart[0])*2+1)*sizeof(WCHAR));

                            /* CMF - This makes a BIG assumption about va_list */
                            vsprintfW(sprintfbuf, fmtstr, (va_list) xarr);
                        } else {
                            sprintfbuf=HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),0,100);

                            /* CMF - This makes a BIG assumption about va_list */
                            vsprintfW(sprintfbuf, fmtstr, (va_list) argliststart);
                        }
                        x=sprintfbuf;
                        while (*x) {
                            ADD_TO_T(*x++);
                        }
                        HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(),0,sprintfbuf);
                        HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(),0,fmtstr);
                        break;
                    case 'n':
                        ADD_TO_T('\r');
                        ADD_TO_T('\n');
                        f++;
                        break;
                    case '0':
                        eos = TRUE;
                        f++;
                        break;
                    default:
                        ADD_TO_T(*f++);
                        break;
                    }
                } else {
                    ch = *f;
                    f++;
                    if (ch == '\r') {
                        if (*f == '\n')
                            f++;
                        if(width)
                            ADD_TO_T(' ');
                        else
                        {
                            ADD_TO_T('\r');
                            ADD_TO_T('\n');
                        }
                    } else {
                        if (ch == '\n')
                        {
                            if(width)
                                ADD_TO_T(' ');
                            else
                            {
                                ADD_TO_T('\r');
                                ADD_TO_T('\n');
                            }
                        }
                        else
                            ADD_TO_T(ch);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        *t='\0';
    }
    talloced = strlenW(target)+1;
    if (nSize && talloced<nSize)
        target = HeapReAlloc(GetProcessHeap(),HEAP_ZERO_MEMORY,target,nSize*sizeof(WCHAR));
    if (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER) {
        /* nSize is the MINIMUM size */
        DWORD len = strlenW(target) + 1;
        *((LPVOID*)lpBuffer) = (LPVOID)LocalAlloc(LMEM_ZEROINIT,len*sizeof(WCHAR));
        strcpyW(*(LPWSTR*)lpBuffer, target);
    }
    else lstrcpynW(lpBuffer, target, nSize);

    HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(),0,target);
    HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(),0,from);
    TRACE("ret=%s\n", wine_dbgstr_w((dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER) ?
        *(LPWSTR*)lpBuffer : lpBuffer));
    return (dwFlags & FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER) ?
        strlenW(*(LPWSTR*)lpBuffer):
            strlenW(lpBuffer);
#else
    return 0;
#endif /* __i386__ */
}
#undef ADD_TO_T

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