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signal_i386.c

/*
 * i386 signal handling routines
 *
 * Copyright 1999 Alexandre Julliard
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 */

#ifdef __i386__

#include "config.h"
#include "wine/port.h"

#include <errno.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
# include <unistd.h>
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_PARAM_H
# include <sys/param.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYSCALL_H
# include <syscall.h>
#else
# ifdef HAVE_SYS_SYSCALL_H
#  include <sys/syscall.h>
# endif
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_VM86_H
# include <sys/vm86.h>
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_SIGNAL_H
# include <sys/signal.h>
#endif

#include "windef.h"
#include "winbase.h"
#include "winreg.h"
#include "winternl.h"
#include "wine/library.h"
#include "ntdll_misc.h"

/***********************************************************************
 * signal context platform-specific definitions
 */

#ifdef linux
typedef struct
{
    unsigned short sc_gs, __gsh;
    unsigned short sc_fs, __fsh;
    unsigned short sc_es, __esh;
    unsigned short sc_ds, __dsh;
    unsigned long sc_edi;
    unsigned long sc_esi;
    unsigned long sc_ebp;
    unsigned long sc_esp;
    unsigned long sc_ebx;
    unsigned long sc_edx;
    unsigned long sc_ecx;
    unsigned long sc_eax;
    unsigned long sc_trapno;
    unsigned long sc_err;
    unsigned long sc_eip;
    unsigned short sc_cs, __csh;
    unsigned long sc_eflags;
    unsigned long esp_at_signal;
    unsigned short sc_ss, __ssh;
    unsigned long i387;
    unsigned long oldmask;
    unsigned long cr2;
} SIGCONTEXT;

#define HANDLER_DEF(name) void name( int __signal, SIGCONTEXT __context )
#define HANDLER_CONTEXT (&__context)

/* this is the sigaction structure from the Linux 2.1.20 kernel.  */
struct kernel_sigaction
{
    void (*ksa_handler)();
    unsigned long ksa_mask;
    unsigned long ksa_flags;
    void *ksa_restorer;
};

/* Similar to the sigaction function in libc, except it leaves alone the
   restorer field, which is used to specify the signal stack address */
static inline int wine_sigaction( int sig, struct kernel_sigaction *new,
                                  struct kernel_sigaction *old )
{
    __asm__ __volatile__( "pushl %%ebx\n\t"
                          "movl %2,%%ebx\n\t"
                          "int $0x80\n\t"
                          "popl %%ebx"
                          : "=a" (sig)
                          : "0" (SYS_sigaction), "S" (sig), "c" (new), "d" (old) );
    if (sig>=0) return 0;
    errno = -sig;
    return -1;
}

#ifdef HAVE_SIGALTSTACK
/* direct syscall for sigaltstack to work around glibc 2.0 brain-damage */
static inline int wine_sigaltstack( const struct sigaltstack *new,
                                    struct sigaltstack *old )
{
    int ret;
    __asm__ __volatile__( "pushl %%ebx\n\t"
                          "movl %2,%%ebx\n\t"
                          "int $0x80\n\t"
                          "popl %%ebx"
                          : "=a" (ret)
                          : "0" (SYS_sigaltstack), "q" (new), "c" (old) );
    if (ret >= 0) return 0;
    errno = -ret;
    return -1;
}
#endif

#define VM86_EAX 0 /* the %eax value while vm86_enter is executing */

int vm86_enter( void **vm86_ptr );
void vm86_return(void);
void vm86_return_end(void);
__ASM_GLOBAL_FUNC(vm86_enter,
                  "pushl %ebp\n\t"
                  "movl %esp, %ebp\n\t"
                  "movl $166,%eax\n\t"  /*SYS_vm86*/
                  "movl 8(%ebp),%ecx\n\t" /* vm86_ptr */
                  "movl (%ecx),%ecx\n\t"
                  "pushl %ebx\n\t"
                  "movl $1,%ebx\n\t"    /*VM86_ENTER*/
                  "pushl %ecx\n\t"      /* put vm86plus_struct ptr somewhere we can find it */
                  "pushl %fs\n\t"
                  "pushl %gs\n\t"
                  "int $0x80\n"
                  ".globl " __ASM_NAME("vm86_return") "\n\t"
                  __ASM_FUNC("vm86_return") "\n"
                  __ASM_NAME("vm86_return") ":\n\t"
                  "popl %gs\n\t"
                  "popl %fs\n\t"
                  "popl %ecx\n\t"
                  "popl %ebx\n\t"
                  "popl %ebp\n\t"
                  "testl %eax,%eax\n\t"
                  "jl 0f\n\t"
                  "cmpb $0,%al\n\t" /* VM86_SIGNAL */
                  "je " __ASM_NAME("vm86_enter") "\n\t"
                  "0:\n\t"
                  "movl 4(%esp),%ecx\n\t"  /* vm86_ptr */
                  "movl $0,(%ecx)\n\t"
                  ".globl " __ASM_NAME("vm86_return_end") "\n\t"
                  __ASM_FUNC("vm86_return_end") "\n"
                  __ASM_NAME("vm86_return_end") ":\n\t"
                  "ret" );

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_VM86_H
# define __HAVE_VM86
#endif

#endif  /* linux */

#ifdef BSDI

#define EAX_sig(context)     ((context)->tf_eax)
#define EBX_sig(context)     ((context)->tf_ebx)
#define ECX_sig(context)     ((context)->tf_ecx)
#define EDX_sig(context)     ((context)->tf_edx)
#define ESI_sig(context)     ((context)->tf_esi)
#define EDI_sig(context)     ((context)->tf_edi)
#define EBP_sig(context)     ((context)->tf_ebp)

#define CS_sig(context)      ((context)->tf_cs)
#define DS_sig(context)      ((context)->tf_ds)
#define ES_sig(context)      ((context)->tf_es)
#define SS_sig(context)      ((context)->tf_ss)

#include <machine/frame.h>
typedef struct trapframe SIGCONTEXT;

#define HANDLER_DEF(name) void name( int __signal, int code, SIGCONTEXT *__context )
#define HANDLER_CONTEXT __context

#define EFL_sig(context)     ((context)->tf_eflags)

#define EIP_sig(context)     (*((unsigned long*)&(context)->tf_eip))
#define ESP_sig(context)     (*((unsigned long*)&(context)->tf_esp))

#endif /* bsdi */

#if defined(__NetBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__OpenBSD__)

typedef struct sigcontext SIGCONTEXT;

#define HANDLER_DEF(name) void name( int __signal, int code, SIGCONTEXT *__context )
#define HANDLER_CONTEXT __context

#endif  /* *BSD */

#if defined(__svr4__) || defined(_SCO_DS) || defined(__sun)

#ifdef _SCO_DS
#include <sys/regset.h>
#endif
/* Solaris kludge */
#undef ERR
#include <sys/ucontext.h>
#undef ERR
typedef struct ucontext SIGCONTEXT;

#define HANDLER_DEF(name) void name( int __signal, siginfo_t *__siginfo, SIGCONTEXT *__context )
#define HANDLER_CONTEXT __context

#endif  /* svr4 || SCO_DS */

#ifdef __EMX__

typedef struct
{
    unsigned long ContextFlags;
    FLOATING_SAVE_AREA sc_float;
    unsigned long sc_gs;
    unsigned long sc_fs;
    unsigned long sc_es;
    unsigned long sc_ds;
    unsigned long sc_edi;
    unsigned long sc_esi;
    unsigned long sc_eax;
    unsigned long sc_ebx;
    unsigned long sc_ecx;
    unsigned long sc_edx;
    unsigned long sc_ebp;
    unsigned long sc_eip;
    unsigned long sc_cs;
    unsigned long sc_eflags;
    unsigned long sc_esp;
    unsigned long sc_ss;
} SIGCONTEXT;

#endif  /* __EMX__ */

#ifdef __CYGWIN__

/* FIXME: This section is just here so it can compile, it's most likely
 * completely wrong. */

typedef struct
{
    unsigned short sc_gs, __gsh;
    unsigned short sc_fs, __fsh;
    unsigned short sc_es, __esh;
    unsigned short sc_ds, __dsh;
    unsigned long sc_edi;
    unsigned long sc_esi;
    unsigned long sc_ebp;
    unsigned long sc_esp;
    unsigned long sc_ebx;
    unsigned long sc_edx;
    unsigned long sc_ecx;
    unsigned long sc_eax;
    unsigned long sc_trapno;
    unsigned long sc_err;
    unsigned long sc_eip;
    unsigned short sc_cs, __csh;
    unsigned long sc_eflags;
    unsigned long esp_at_signal;
    unsigned short sc_ss, __ssh;
    unsigned long i387;
    unsigned long oldmask;
    unsigned long cr2;
} SIGCONTEXT;

#define HANDLER_DEF(name) void name( int __signal, SIGCONTEXT __context )
#define HANDLER_CONTEXT (&__context)

#endif /* __CYGWIN__ */

#ifdef __APPLE__
# include <sys/ucontext.h>
# include <sys/types.h>
# include <signal.h>

typedef siginfo_t siginfo;
typedef struct ucontext SIGCONTEXT;

# define HANDLER_DEF(name) void name( int __signal, siginfo *__siginfo, SIGCONTEXT *__context )
# define HANDLER_CONTEXT (__context)

#endif /* __APPLE__ */

#if defined(linux) || defined(__NetBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD__) ||\
    defined(__OpenBSD__) || defined(__EMX__) || defined(__CYGWIN__)

#define EAX_sig(context)     ((context)->sc_eax)
#define EBX_sig(context)     ((context)->sc_ebx)
#define ECX_sig(context)     ((context)->sc_ecx)
#define EDX_sig(context)     ((context)->sc_edx)
#define ESI_sig(context)     ((context)->sc_esi)
#define EDI_sig(context)     ((context)->sc_edi)
#define EBP_sig(context)     ((context)->sc_ebp)

#define CS_sig(context)      ((context)->sc_cs)
#define DS_sig(context)      ((context)->sc_ds)
#define ES_sig(context)      ((context)->sc_es)
#define FS_sig(context)      ((context)->sc_fs)
#define GS_sig(context)      ((context)->sc_gs)
#define SS_sig(context)      ((context)->sc_ss)

#define TRAP_sig(context)    ((context)->sc_trapno)

#ifdef __NetBSD__
#define ERROR_sig(context)   ((context)->sc_err)
#endif

#ifdef linux
#define ERROR_sig(context)   ((context)->sc_err)
#define FPU_sig(context)     ((FLOATING_SAVE_AREA*)((context)->i387))
#define FAULT_ADDRESS        ((void *)HANDLER_CONTEXT->cr2)
#endif

#ifdef __FreeBSD__
#define EFL_sig(context)     ((context)->sc_efl)
/* FreeBSD, see i386/i386/traps.c::trap_pfault va->err kludge  */
#define FAULT_ADDRESS        ((void *)HANDLER_CONTEXT->sc_err)
#else
#define EFL_sig(context)     ((context)->sc_eflags)
#endif

#define EIP_sig(context)     (*((unsigned long*)&(context)->sc_eip))
#define ESP_sig(context)     (*((unsigned long*)&(context)->sc_esp))

#endif  /* linux || __NetBSD__ || __FreeBSD__ || __OpenBSD__ */

#if defined(__svr4__) || defined(_SCO_DS) || defined(__sun)

#ifdef _SCO_DS
#define gregs regs
#endif

#define EAX_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[EAX])
#define EBX_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[EBX])
#define ECX_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[ECX])
#define EDX_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[EDX])
#define ESI_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[ESI])
#define EDI_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[EDI])
#define EBP_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[EBP])

#define CS_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[CS])
#define DS_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[DS])
#define ES_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[ES])
#define SS_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[SS])

#define FS_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[FS])
#define GS_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[GS])

#define EFL_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[EFL])

#define EIP_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[EIP])
#ifdef UESP
#define ESP_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[UESP])
#elif defined(R_ESP)
#define ESP_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[R_ESP])
#else
#define ESP_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[ESP])
#endif
#ifdef TRAPNO
#define TRAP_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.gregs[TRAPNO])
#endif

#define FAULT_ADDRESS         (__siginfo->si_addr)

#endif  /* svr4 || SCO_DS */

#ifdef __APPLE__
#define EAX_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_eax)
#define EBX_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_ebx)
#define ECX_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_ecx)
#define EDX_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_edx)
#define ESI_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_esi)
#define EDI_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_edi)
#define EBP_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_ebp)

#define CS_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_cs)
#define DS_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_ds)
#define ES_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_es)
#define FS_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_fs)
#define GS_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_gs)
#define SS_sig(context)      ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_ss)

#define EFL_sig(context)     ((context)->uc_mcontext.sc_eflags)

#define EIP_sig(context)     (*((unsigned long*)&(context)->uc_mcontext.sc_eip))
#define ESP_sig(context)     (*((unsigned long*)&(context)->uc_mcontext.sc_esp))

#endif /* __APPLE__ */

/* exception code definitions (already defined by FreeBSD/NetBSD) */
#if !defined(__FreeBSD__) && !defined(__NetBSD__) /* FIXME: other BSDs? */
#define T_DIVIDE        0   /* Division by zero exception */
#define T_TRCTRAP       1   /* Single-step exception */
#define T_NMI           2   /* NMI interrupt */
#define T_BPTFLT        3   /* Breakpoint exception */
#define T_OFLOW         4   /* Overflow exception */
#define T_BOUND         5   /* Bound range exception */
#define T_PRIVINFLT     6   /* Invalid opcode exception */
#define T_DNA           7   /* Device not available exception */
#define T_DOUBLEFLT     8   /* Double fault exception */
#define T_FPOPFLT       9   /* Coprocessor segment overrun */
#define T_TSSFLT        10  /* Invalid TSS exception */
#define T_SEGNPFLT      11  /* Segment not present exception */
#define T_STKFLT        12  /* Stack fault */
#define T_PROTFLT       13  /* General protection fault */
#define T_PAGEFLT       14  /* Page fault */
#define T_RESERVED      15  /* Unknown exception */
#define T_ARITHTRAP     16  /* Floating point exception */
#define T_ALIGNFLT      17  /* Alignment check exception */
#define T_MCHK          18  /* Machine check exception */
#define T_CACHEFLT      19  /* Cache flush exception */
#endif
#if defined(__NetBSD__)
#define T_MCHK          19  /* Machine check exception */
#endif

#define T_UNKNOWN     (-1)  /* Unknown fault (TRAP_sig not defined) */

#include "wine/exception.h"
#include "wine/debug.h"

WINE_DEFAULT_DEBUG_CHANNEL(seh);

typedef int (*wine_signal_handler)(unsigned int sig);

static wine_signal_handler handlers[256];

extern void WINAPI EXC_RtlRaiseException( PEXCEPTION_RECORD, PCONTEXT );
extern void DECLSPEC_NORETURN __wine_call_from_32_restore_regs( CONTEXT context );


/***********************************************************************
 *           dispatch_signal
 */
inline static int dispatch_signal(unsigned int sig)
{
    if (handlers[sig] == NULL) return 0;
    return handlers[sig](sig);
}


/***********************************************************************
 *           get_trap_code
 *
 * Get the trap code for a signal.
 */
static inline int get_trap_code( const SIGCONTEXT *sigcontext )
{
#ifdef TRAP_sig
    return TRAP_sig(sigcontext);
#else
    return T_UNKNOWN;  /* unknown trap code */
#endif
}

/***********************************************************************
 *           get_error_code
 *
 * Get the error code for a signal.
 */
static inline int get_error_code( const SIGCONTEXT *sigcontext )
{
#ifdef ERROR_sig
    return ERROR_sig(sigcontext);
#else
    return 0;
#endif
}

/***********************************************************************
 *           get_signal_stack
 *
 * Get the base of the signal stack for the current thread.
 */
static inline void *get_signal_stack(void)
{
    return (char *)NtCurrentTeb() + 4096;
}


/***********************************************************************
 *           get_current_teb
 *
 * Get the current teb based on the stack pointer.
 */
static inline TEB *get_current_teb(void)
{
    unsigned long esp;
    __asm__("movl %%esp,%0" : "=g" (esp) );
    return (TEB *)((esp & ~4095) - 4096);
}


#ifdef __HAVE_VM86
/***********************************************************************
 *           save_vm86_context
 *
 * Set the register values from a vm86 structure.
 */
static void save_vm86_context( CONTEXT *context, const struct vm86plus_struct *vm86 )
{
    context->Eax    = vm86->regs.eax;
    context->Ebx    = vm86->regs.ebx;
    context->Ecx    = vm86->regs.ecx;
    context->Edx    = vm86->regs.edx;
    context->Esi    = vm86->regs.esi;
    context->Edi    = vm86->regs.edi;
    context->Esp    = vm86->regs.esp;
    context->Ebp    = vm86->regs.ebp;
    context->Eip    = vm86->regs.eip;
    context->SegCs  = vm86->regs.cs;
    context->SegDs  = vm86->regs.ds;
    context->SegEs  = vm86->regs.es;
    context->SegFs  = vm86->regs.fs;
    context->SegGs  = vm86->regs.gs;
    context->SegSs  = vm86->regs.ss;
    context->EFlags = vm86->regs.eflags;
}


/***********************************************************************
 *           restore_vm86_context
 *
 * Build a vm86 structure from the register values.
 */
static void restore_vm86_context( const CONTEXT *context, struct vm86plus_struct *vm86 )
{
    vm86->regs.eax    = context->Eax;
    vm86->regs.ebx    = context->Ebx;
    vm86->regs.ecx    = context->Ecx;
    vm86->regs.edx    = context->Edx;
    vm86->regs.esi    = context->Esi;
    vm86->regs.edi    = context->Edi;
    vm86->regs.esp    = context->Esp;
    vm86->regs.ebp    = context->Ebp;
    vm86->regs.eip    = context->Eip;
    vm86->regs.cs     = context->SegCs;
    vm86->regs.ds     = context->SegDs;
    vm86->regs.es     = context->SegEs;
    vm86->regs.fs     = context->SegFs;
    vm86->regs.gs     = context->SegGs;
    vm86->regs.ss     = context->SegSs;
    vm86->regs.eflags = context->EFlags;
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          merge_vm86_pending_flags
 *
 * Merges TEB.vm86_ptr and TEB.vm86_pending VIP flags and
 * raises exception if there are pending events and VIF flag
 * has been turned on.
 *
 * Called from __wine_enter_vm86 because vm86_enter
 * doesn't check for pending events. 
 *
 * Called from raise_vm86_sti_exception to check for
 * pending events in a signal safe way.
 */
static void merge_vm86_pending_flags( EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec )
{
    BOOL check_pending = TRUE;
    struct vm86plus_struct *vm86 =
        (struct vm86plus_struct*)(NtCurrentTeb()->vm86_ptr);

    /*
     * In order to prevent a race when SIGUSR2 occurs while
     * we are returning from exception handler, pending events
     * will be rechecked after each raised exception.
     */
    while (check_pending && NtCurrentTeb()->vm86_pending)
    {
        check_pending = FALSE;
        NtCurrentTeb()->vm86_ptr = NULL;
            
        /*
         * If VIF is set, throw exception.
         * Note that SIGUSR2 may turn VIF flag off so
         * VIF check must occur only when TEB.vm86_ptr is NULL.
         */
        if (vm86->regs.eflags & VIF_MASK)
        {
            CONTEXT vcontext;
            save_vm86_context( &vcontext, vm86 );
            
            rec->ExceptionCode    = EXCEPTION_VM86_STI;
            rec->ExceptionFlags   = EXCEPTION_CONTINUABLE;
            rec->ExceptionRecord  = NULL;
            rec->NumberParameters = 0;
            rec->ExceptionAddress = (LPVOID)vcontext.Eip;

            vcontext.EFlags &= ~VIP_MASK;
            NtCurrentTeb()->vm86_pending = 0;
            EXC_RtlRaiseException( rec, &vcontext );

            restore_vm86_context( &vcontext, vm86 );
            check_pending = TRUE;
        }

        NtCurrentTeb()->vm86_ptr = vm86;
    }

    /*
     * Merge VIP flags in a signal safe way. This requires
     * that the following operation compiles into atomic
     * instruction.
     */
    vm86->regs.eflags |= NtCurrentTeb()->vm86_pending;
}
#endif /* __HAVE_VM86 */


typedef void (WINAPI *raise_func)( EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec, CONTEXT *context );


/***********************************************************************
 *           init_handler
 *
 * Handler initialization when the full context is not needed.
 */
static void *init_handler( const SIGCONTEXT *sigcontext )
{
    void *stack = (void *)ESP_sig(sigcontext);
    TEB *teb = get_current_teb();

    wine_set_fs( teb->teb_sel );

    /* now restore a proper %gs for the fault handler */
    if (!wine_ldt_is_system(CS_sig(sigcontext)) ||
        !wine_ldt_is_system(SS_sig(sigcontext)))  /* 16-bit mode */
    {
        /*
         * Win16 or DOS protected mode. Note that during switch
         * from 16-bit mode to linear mode, CS may be set to system
         * segment before FS is restored. Fortunately, in this case
         * SS is still non-system segment. This is why both CS and SS
         * are checked.
         */
        wine_set_gs( teb->gs_sel );
        stack = (void *)teb->cur_stack;
    }
#ifdef __HAVE_VM86
    else if ((void *)EIP_sig(sigcontext) == vm86_return)  /* vm86 mode */
    {
        unsigned int *int_stack = stack;
        /* fetch the saved %gs from the stack */
        wine_set_gs( int_stack[0] );
    }
#endif
    else  /* 32-bit mode */
    {
#ifdef GS_sig
        wine_set_gs( GS_sig(sigcontext) );
#endif
    }
    return stack;
}


/***********************************************************************
 *           save_fpu
 *
 * Set the FPU context from a sigcontext.
 */
inline static void save_fpu( CONTEXT *context, const SIGCONTEXT *sigcontext )
{
#ifdef FPU_sig
    if (FPU_sig(sigcontext))
    {
        context->FloatSave = *FPU_sig(sigcontext);
        return;
    }
#endif  /* FPU_sig */
#ifdef __GNUC__
    __asm__ __volatile__( "fnsave %0; fwait" : "=m" (context->FloatSave) );
#endif  /* __GNUC__ */
}


/***********************************************************************
 *           restore_fpu
 *
 * Restore the FPU context to a sigcontext.
 */
inline static void restore_fpu( CONTEXT *context )
{
    /* reset the current interrupt status */
    context->FloatSave.StatusWord &= context->FloatSave.ControlWord | 0xffffff80;
#ifdef __GNUC__
    /* avoid nested exceptions */
    __asm__ __volatile__( "frstor %0; fwait" : : "m" (context->FloatSave) );
#endif  /* __GNUC__ */
}


/***********************************************************************
 *           setup_exception
 *
 * Setup a proper stack frame for the raise function, and modify the
 * sigcontext so that the return from the signal handler will call
 * the raise function.
 */
static EXCEPTION_RECORD *setup_exception( SIGCONTEXT *sigcontext, raise_func func )
{
    struct stack_layout
    {
        void             *ret_addr;      /* return address from raise_func */
        EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec_ptr;       /* first arg for raise_func */
        CONTEXT          *context_ptr;   /* second arg for raise_func */
        void             *dummy;         /* dummy ret addr for __wine_call_from_32_restore_regs */
        CONTEXT           context;
        EXCEPTION_RECORD  rec;
        DWORD             ebp;
        DWORD             eip;
    } *stack;

    WORD fs, gs;

    /* get %fs and %gs at time of the fault */
#ifdef FS_sig
    fs = LOWORD(FS_sig(sigcontext));
#else
    fs = wine_get_fs();
#endif
#ifdef GS_sig
    gs = LOWORD(GS_sig(sigcontext));
#else
    gs = wine_get_gs();
#endif

    stack = init_handler( sigcontext );

    /* stack sanity checks */

    if ((char *)stack >= (char *)get_signal_stack() &&
        (char *)stack < (char *)get_signal_stack() + SIGNAL_STACK_SIZE)
    {
        ERR( "nested exception on signal stack in thread %04lx eip %08lx esp %08lx stack %p-%p\n",
             GetCurrentThreadId(), EIP_sig(sigcontext), ESP_sig(sigcontext),
             NtCurrentTeb()->Tib.StackLimit, NtCurrentTeb()->Tib.StackBase );
        server_abort_thread(1);
    }

    if ((char *)(stack - 1) < (char *)NtCurrentTeb()->Tib.StackLimit + 4096 ||
        (char *)stack > (char *)NtCurrentTeb()->Tib.StackBase)
    {
        UINT diff = (char *)NtCurrentTeb()->Tib.StackLimit + 4096 - (char *)stack;
        if (diff < 4096)
        {
            ERR( "stack overflow %u bytes in thread %04lx eip %08lx esp %08lx stack %p-%p\n",
                 diff, GetCurrentThreadId(), EIP_sig(sigcontext), ESP_sig(sigcontext),
                 NtCurrentTeb()->Tib.StackLimit, NtCurrentTeb()->Tib.StackBase );
            server_abort_thread(1);
        }
        else WARN( "exception outside of stack limits in thread %04lx eip %08lx esp %08lx stack %p-%p\n",
                   GetCurrentThreadId(), EIP_sig(sigcontext), ESP_sig(sigcontext),
                   NtCurrentTeb()->Tib.StackLimit, NtCurrentTeb()->Tib.StackBase );
    }

    stack--;  /* push the stack_layout structure */
    stack->ret_addr     = __wine_call_from_32_restore_regs;
    stack->rec_ptr      = &stack->rec;
    stack->context_ptr  = &stack->context;

    stack->rec.ExceptionRecord  = NULL;
    stack->rec.ExceptionFlags   = EXCEPTION_CONTINUABLE;
    stack->rec.ExceptionAddress = (LPVOID)EIP_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->rec.NumberParameters = 0;

    stack->context.ContextFlags = CONTEXT_FULL;
    stack->context.Eax          = EAX_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->context.Ebx          = EBX_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->context.Ecx          = ECX_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->context.Edx          = EDX_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->context.Esi          = ESI_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->context.Edi          = EDI_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->context.Ebp          = EBP_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->context.EFlags       = EFL_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->context.Eip          = EIP_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->context.Esp          = ESP_sig(sigcontext);
    stack->context.SegCs        = LOWORD(CS_sig(sigcontext));
    stack->context.SegDs        = LOWORD(DS_sig(sigcontext));
    stack->context.SegEs        = LOWORD(ES_sig(sigcontext));
    stack->context.SegFs        = fs;
    stack->context.SegGs        = gs;
    stack->context.SegSs        = LOWORD(SS_sig(sigcontext));

    /* now modify the sigcontext to return to the raise function */
    ESP_sig(sigcontext) = (DWORD)stack;
    EIP_sig(sigcontext) = (DWORD)func;
    CS_sig(sigcontext)  = wine_get_cs();
    DS_sig(sigcontext)  = wine_get_ds();
    ES_sig(sigcontext)  = wine_get_es();
    FS_sig(sigcontext)  = wine_get_fs();
    GS_sig(sigcontext)  = wine_get_gs();
    SS_sig(sigcontext)  = wine_get_ss();

    return stack->rec_ptr;
}


/***********************************************************************
 *           get_exception_context
 *
 * Get a pointer to the context built by setup_exception.
 */
static inline CONTEXT *get_exception_context( EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec )
{
    return (CONTEXT *)rec - 1;  /* cf. stack_layout structure */
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          get_fpu_code
 *
 * Get the FPU exception code from the FPU status.
 */
static inline DWORD get_fpu_code( const CONTEXT *context )
{
    DWORD status = context->FloatSave.StatusWord;

    if (status & 0x01)  /* IE */
    {
        if (status & 0x40)  /* SF */
            return EXCEPTION_FLT_STACK_CHECK;
        else
            return EXCEPTION_FLT_INVALID_OPERATION;
    }
    if (status & 0x02) return EXCEPTION_FLT_DENORMAL_OPERAND;  /* DE flag */
    if (status & 0x04) return EXCEPTION_FLT_DIVIDE_BY_ZERO;    /* ZE flag */
    if (status & 0x08) return EXCEPTION_FLT_OVERFLOW;          /* OE flag */
    if (status & 0x10) return EXCEPTION_FLT_UNDERFLOW;         /* UE flag */
    if (status & 0x20) return EXCEPTION_FLT_INEXACT_RESULT;    /* PE flag */
    return EXCEPTION_FLT_INVALID_OPERATION;  /* generic error */
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          raise_segv_exception
 */
static void WINAPI raise_segv_exception( EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec, CONTEXT *context )
{
    switch(rec->ExceptionCode)
    {
    case EXCEPTION_ACCESS_VIOLATION:
        if (rec->NumberParameters == 2)
        {
            if (!(rec->ExceptionCode = VIRTUAL_HandleFault( (void *)rec->ExceptionInformation[1] )))
                return;
        }
        break;
    case EXCEPTION_DATATYPE_MISALIGNMENT:
        /* FIXME: pass through exception handler first? */
        if (context->EFlags & 0x00040000)
        {
            /* Disable AC flag, return */
            context->EFlags &= ~0x00040000;
            return;
        }
        break;
    }
    EXC_RtlRaiseException( rec, context );
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          raise_trap_exception
 */
static void WINAPI raise_trap_exception( EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec, CONTEXT *context )
{
    DWORD dr0, dr1, dr2, dr3, dr6, dr7;

    if (rec->ExceptionCode == EXCEPTION_SINGLE_STEP)
    {
        if (context->EFlags & 0x100)
        {
            context->EFlags &= ~0x100;  /* clear single-step flag */
        }
        else  /* hardware breakpoint, fetch the debug registers */
        {
            context->ContextFlags = CONTEXT_DEBUG_REGISTERS;
            NtGetContextThread(GetCurrentThread(), context);
            /* do we really have a bp from a debug register ?
             * if not, then someone did a kill(SIGTRAP) on us, and we
             * shall return a breakpoint, not a single step exception
             */
            if (!(context->Dr6 & 0xf)) rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_BREAKPOINT;
        }
    }

    dr0 = context->Dr0;
    dr1 = context->Dr1;
    dr2 = context->Dr2;
    dr3 = context->Dr3;
    dr6 = context->Dr6;
    dr7 = context->Dr7;

    EXC_RtlRaiseException( rec, context );

    if (dr0 != context->Dr0 || dr1 != context->Dr1 || dr2 != context->Dr2 ||
        dr3 != context->Dr3 || dr6 != context->Dr6 || dr7 != context->Dr7)
    {
        /* the debug registers have changed, set the new values */
        context->ContextFlags = CONTEXT_DEBUG_REGISTERS;
        NtSetContextThread(GetCurrentThread(), context);
    }
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          raise_fpu_exception
 */
static void WINAPI raise_fpu_exception( EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec, CONTEXT *context )
{
    EXC_RtlRaiseException( rec, context );
    restore_fpu( context );
}


#ifdef __HAVE_VM86
/**********************************************************************
 *          raise_vm86_sti_exception
 */
static void WINAPI raise_vm86_sti_exception( EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec, CONTEXT *context )
{
    /* merge_vm86_pending_flags merges the vm86_pending flag in safely */
    NtCurrentTeb()->vm86_pending |= VIP_MASK;

    if (NtCurrentTeb()->vm86_ptr)
    {
        if (((char*)context->Eip >= (char*)vm86_return) &&
            ((char*)context->Eip <= (char*)vm86_return_end) &&
            (VM86_TYPE(context->Eax) != VM86_SIGNAL)) {
            /* exiting from VM86, can't throw */
            return;
        }
        merge_vm86_pending_flags( rec );
    }
    else if (NtCurrentTeb()->dpmi_vif &&
             !wine_ldt_is_system(context->SegCs) &&
             !wine_ldt_is_system(context->SegSs))
    {
        /* Executing DPMI code and virtual interrupts are enabled. */
        NtCurrentTeb()->vm86_pending = 0;
        EXC_RtlRaiseException( rec, context );
    }
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          usr2_handler
 *
 * Handler for SIGUSR2.
 * We use it to signal that the running __wine_enter_vm86() should
 * immediately set VIP_MASK, causing pending events to be handled
 * as early as possible.
 */
static HANDLER_DEF(usr2_handler)
{
    EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec = setup_exception( HANDLER_CONTEXT, raise_vm86_sti_exception );
    rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_VM86_STI;
}
#endif /* __HAVE_VM86 */


/**********************************************************************
 *          segv_handler
 *
 * Handler for SIGSEGV and related errors.
 */
static HANDLER_DEF(segv_handler)
{
    EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec = setup_exception( HANDLER_CONTEXT, raise_segv_exception );

    switch(get_trap_code(HANDLER_CONTEXT))
    {
    case T_OFLOW:   /* Overflow exception */
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_INT_OVERFLOW;
        break;
    case T_BOUND:   /* Bound range exception */
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_ARRAY_BOUNDS_EXCEEDED;
        break;
    case T_PRIVINFLT:   /* Invalid opcode exception */
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION;
        break;
    case T_STKFLT:  /* Stack fault */
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_STACK_OVERFLOW;
        break;
    case T_SEGNPFLT:  /* Segment not present exception */
    case T_PROTFLT:   /* General protection fault */
    case T_UNKNOWN:   /* Unknown fault code */
        rec->ExceptionCode = get_error_code(HANDLER_CONTEXT) ? EXCEPTION_ACCESS_VIOLATION
                                                             : EXCEPTION_PRIV_INSTRUCTION;
        break;
    case T_PAGEFLT:  /* Page fault */
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_ACCESS_VIOLATION;
#ifdef FAULT_ADDRESS
        rec->NumberParameters = 2;
        rec->ExceptionInformation[0] = (get_error_code(HANDLER_CONTEXT) & 2) != 0;
        rec->ExceptionInformation[1] = (ULONG_PTR)FAULT_ADDRESS;
#endif
        break;
    case T_ALIGNFLT:  /* Alignment check exception */
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_DATATYPE_MISALIGNMENT;
        break;
    default:
        ERR( "Got unexpected trap %d\n", get_trap_code(HANDLER_CONTEXT) );
        /* fall through */
    case T_NMI:       /* NMI interrupt */
    case T_DNA:       /* Device not available exception */
    case T_DOUBLEFLT: /* Double fault exception */
    case T_TSSFLT:    /* Invalid TSS exception */
    case T_RESERVED:  /* Unknown exception */
    case T_MCHK:      /* Machine check exception */
#ifdef T_CACHEFLT
    case T_CACHEFLT:  /* Cache flush exception */
#endif
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION;
        break;
    }
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          trap_handler
 *
 * Handler for SIGTRAP.
 */
static HANDLER_DEF(trap_handler)
{
    EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec = setup_exception( HANDLER_CONTEXT, raise_trap_exception );

    switch(get_trap_code(HANDLER_CONTEXT))
    {
    case T_TRCTRAP:  /* Single-step exception */
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_SINGLE_STEP;
        EFL_sig(HANDLER_CONTEXT) &= ~0x100;  /* clear single-step flag */
        break;
    case T_BPTFLT:   /* Breakpoint exception */
        rec->ExceptionAddress = (char *)rec->ExceptionAddress - 1;  /* back up over the int3 instruction */
        /* fall through */
    default:
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_BREAKPOINT;
        break;
    }
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          fpe_handler
 *
 * Handler for SIGFPE.
 */
static HANDLER_DEF(fpe_handler)
{
    EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec = setup_exception( HANDLER_CONTEXT, raise_fpu_exception );
    CONTEXT *context;

    context = get_exception_context( rec );
    save_fpu( context, HANDLER_CONTEXT );

    switch(get_trap_code(HANDLER_CONTEXT))
    {
    case T_DIVIDE:   /* Division by zero exception */
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_INT_DIVIDE_BY_ZERO;
        break;
    case T_FPOPFLT:   /* Coprocessor segment overrun */
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_FLT_INVALID_OPERATION;
        break;
    case T_ARITHTRAP:  /* Floating point exception */
    case T_UNKNOWN:    /* Unknown fault code */
        rec->ExceptionCode = get_fpu_code( context );
        break;
    default:
        ERR( "Got unexpected trap %d\n", get_trap_code(HANDLER_CONTEXT) );
        rec->ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_FLT_INVALID_OPERATION;
        break;
    }
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          int_handler
 *
 * Handler for SIGINT.
 */
static HANDLER_DEF(int_handler)
{
    init_handler( HANDLER_CONTEXT );
    if (!dispatch_signal(SIGINT))
    {
        EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec = setup_exception( HANDLER_CONTEXT, EXC_RtlRaiseException );
        rec->ExceptionCode = CONTROL_C_EXIT;
    }
}

/**********************************************************************
 *          abrt_handler
 *
 * Handler for SIGABRT.
 */
static HANDLER_DEF(abrt_handler)
{
    EXCEPTION_RECORD *rec = setup_exception( HANDLER_CONTEXT, EXC_RtlRaiseException );
    rec->ExceptionCode  = EXCEPTION_WINE_ASSERTION;
    rec->ExceptionFlags = EH_NONCONTINUABLE;
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          term_handler
 *
 * Handler for SIGTERM.
 */
static HANDLER_DEF(term_handler)
{
    init_handler( HANDLER_CONTEXT );
    server_abort_thread(0);
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          usr1_handler
 *
 * Handler for SIGUSR1, used to signal a thread that it got suspended.
 */
static HANDLER_DEF(usr1_handler)
{
    LARGE_INTEGER timeout;

    init_handler( HANDLER_CONTEXT );
    /* wait with 0 timeout, will only return once the thread is no longer suspended */
    timeout.QuadPart = 0;
    NTDLL_wait_for_multiple_objects( 0, NULL, 0, &timeout );
}


/***********************************************************************
 *           set_handler
 *
 * Set a signal handler
 */
static int set_handler( int sig, int have_sigaltstack, void (*func)() )
{
    struct sigaction sig_act;

#ifdef linux
    if (!have_sigaltstack)
    {
        struct kernel_sigaction sig_act;
        sig_act.ksa_handler = func;
        sig_act.ksa_flags   = SA_RESTART;
        sig_act.ksa_mask    = (1 << (SIGINT-1)) |
                              (1 << (SIGUSR2-1));
        /* point to the top of the signal stack */
        sig_act.ksa_restorer = (char *)get_signal_stack() + SIGNAL_STACK_SIZE;
        return wine_sigaction( sig, &sig_act, NULL );
    }
#endif  /* linux */
    sig_act.sa_handler = func;
    sigemptyset( &sig_act.sa_mask );
    sigaddset( &sig_act.sa_mask, SIGINT );
    sigaddset( &sig_act.sa_mask, SIGUSR2 );

#if defined(linux) || defined(__NetBSD__) || defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__OpenBSD__)
    sig_act.sa_flags = SA_RESTART;
#elif defined (__svr4__) || defined(_SCO_DS)
    sig_act.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO | SA_RESTART;
#else
    sig_act.sa_flags = 0;
#endif

#ifdef SA_ONSTACK
    if (have_sigaltstack) sig_act.sa_flags |= SA_ONSTACK;
#endif
    return sigaction( sig, &sig_act, NULL );
}


/***********************************************************************
 *           __wine_set_signal_handler   (NTDLL.@)
 */
int __wine_set_signal_handler(unsigned int sig, wine_signal_handler wsh)
{
    if (sig > sizeof(handlers) / sizeof(handlers[0])) return -1;
    if (handlers[sig] != NULL) return -2;
    handlers[sig] = wsh;
    return 0;
}


/**********************************************************************
 *          SIGNAL_Init
 */
BOOL SIGNAL_Init(void)
{
    int have_sigaltstack = 0;

#ifdef HAVE_SIGALTSTACK
    struct sigaltstack ss;
    ss.ss_sp    = get_signal_stack();
    ss.ss_size  = SIGNAL_STACK_SIZE;
    ss.ss_flags = 0;
    if (!sigaltstack(&ss, NULL)) have_sigaltstack = 1;
#ifdef linux
    /* sigaltstack may fail because the kernel is too old, or
       because glibc is brain-dead. In the latter case a
       direct system call should succeed. */
    else if (!wine_sigaltstack(&ss, NULL)) have_sigaltstack = 1;
#endif  /* linux */
#endif  /* HAVE_SIGALTSTACK */

    if (set_handler( SIGINT,  have_sigaltstack, (void (*)())int_handler ) == -1) goto error;
    if (set_handler( SIGFPE,  have_sigaltstack, (void (*)())fpe_handler ) == -1) goto error;
    if (set_handler( SIGSEGV, have_sigaltstack, (void (*)())segv_handler ) == -1) goto error;
    if (set_handler( SIGILL,  have_sigaltstack, (void (*)())segv_handler ) == -1) goto error;
    if (set_handler( SIGABRT, have_sigaltstack, (void (*)())abrt_handler ) == -1) goto error;
    if (set_handler( SIGTERM, have_sigaltstack, (void (*)())term_handler ) == -1) goto error;
    if (set_handler( SIGUSR1, have_sigaltstack, (void (*)())usr1_handler ) == -1) goto error;
#ifdef SIGBUS
    if (set_handler( SIGBUS,  have_sigaltstack, (void (*)())segv_handler ) == -1) goto error;
#endif
#ifdef SIGTRAP
    if (set_handler( SIGTRAP, have_sigaltstack, (void (*)())trap_handler ) == -1) goto error;
#endif

#ifdef __HAVE_VM86
    if (set_handler( SIGUSR2, have_sigaltstack, (void (*)())usr2_handler ) == -1) goto error;
#endif

    return TRUE;

 error:
    perror("sigaction");
    return FALSE;
}


#ifdef __HAVE_VM86
/**********************************************************************
 *          __wine_enter_vm86   (NTDLL.@)
 *
 * Enter vm86 mode with the specified register context.
 */
void __wine_enter_vm86( CONTEXT *context )
{
    EXCEPTION_RECORD rec;
    TEB *teb = NtCurrentTeb();
    int res;
    struct vm86plus_struct vm86;

    memset( &vm86, 0, sizeof(vm86) );
    for (;;)
    {
        restore_vm86_context( context, &vm86 );

        teb->vm86_ptr = &vm86;
        merge_vm86_pending_flags( &rec );

        res = vm86_enter( &teb->vm86_ptr ); /* uses and clears teb->vm86_ptr */
        if (res < 0)
        {
            errno = -res;
            return;
        }

        save_vm86_context( context, &vm86 );

        rec.ExceptionFlags   = EXCEPTION_CONTINUABLE;
        rec.ExceptionRecord  = NULL;
        rec.ExceptionAddress = (LPVOID)context->Eip;
        rec.NumberParameters = 0;

        switch(VM86_TYPE(res))
        {
        case VM86_UNKNOWN: /* unhandled GP fault - IO-instruction or similar */
            rec.ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_PRIV_INSTRUCTION;
            raise_segv_exception( &rec, context );
            continue;
        case VM86_TRAP: /* return due to DOS-debugger request */
            switch(VM86_ARG(res))
            {
            case T_TRCTRAP:  /* Single-step exception, single step flag is cleared by raise_trap_exception */
                rec.ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_SINGLE_STEP;
                break;
            case T_BPTFLT:   /* Breakpoint exception */
                rec.ExceptionAddress = (char *)rec.ExceptionAddress - 1;  /* back up over the int3 instruction */
                /* fall through */
            default:
                rec.ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_BREAKPOINT;
                break;
            }
            raise_trap_exception( &rec, context );
            continue;
        case VM86_INTx: /* int3/int x instruction (ARG = x) */
            rec.ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_VM86_INTx;
            rec.NumberParameters = 1;
            rec.ExceptionInformation[0] = VM86_ARG(res);
            break;
        case VM86_STI: /* sti/popf/iret instruction enabled virtual interrupts */
            context->EFlags |= VIF_MASK;
            context->EFlags &= ~VIP_MASK;
            teb->vm86_pending = 0;
            rec.ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_VM86_STI;
            break;
        case VM86_PICRETURN: /* return due to pending PIC request */
            rec.ExceptionCode = EXCEPTION_VM86_PICRETURN;
            break;
        case VM86_SIGNAL: /* cannot happen because vm86_enter handles this case */
        default:
            ERR( "unhandled result from vm86 mode %x\n", res );
            continue;
        }
        EXC_RtlRaiseException( &rec, context );
    }
}

#else /* __HAVE_VM86 */
/**********************************************************************
 *          __wine_enter_vm86   (NTDLL.@)
 */
void __wine_enter_vm86( CONTEXT *context )
{
    MESSAGE("vm86 mode not supported on this platform\n");
}
#endif /* __HAVE_VM86 */

/**********************************************************************
 *          DbgBreakPoint   (NTDLL.@)
 */
__ASM_GLOBAL_FUNC( DbgBreakPoint, "int $3; ret");

/**********************************************************************
 *          DbgUserBreakPoint   (NTDLL.@)
 */
__ASM_GLOBAL_FUNC( DbgUserBreakPoint, "int $3; ret");

#endif  /* __i386__ */

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